Known as the foremost of all goddesses in Asgard, Frigga/Frigg was one of the most important goddesses in Norse mythology. She was also the most important goddess in Asgard.
She was the wife to Odin, the chief of the gods, the queen of the Aesir and the goddess of the sky. Frigga is also known to hold power as a goddess over fertility, household, motherhood, love, marriage, and domestic arts. She is, perhaps, helped to rule over some of these domains by a goddess called Freyja. Her primary roles, however, relate to her husband Odin and children.
Frigga is a powerful, important and immensely blessed goddess. However, her life is not a bed of roses as she is faced with one of the most traumatic tragedies to ever visit a goddess. For example, Frigg goddess faces one of the worst heartaches that would eventually turn out to be her legacy. Additionally, there is little known about the things Frigg involved herself with given that most of these historical facts were passed down by word of mouth.
The Loss of her Son
Frigg is plagued by the loss of one of her favourite sons, Balder. Balder is a joyous god who is loved by almost everyone in Asgard. He is also the god of light, joy, purity, and the summer sun. When Balder starts to get bad dreams about his impending doom, he talks to his parents, Odin and Frigg and they all decide to find a solution that will prevent Balder from dying.
Odin finds out from the underworld that Balder’s fate is sealed. Frigg does not take this information kindly and she travels far and wide to find something that will prevent her son from dying. She is given an oath by everything that could be considered harmful that they would not harm her son. These oaths protect Balder from anything harmful. When the gods learn this, they devise a game and start throwing random things at him.
Unfortunately, Frigga does not get an oath from the mistletoe. Loki found out y disguising himself and asking Frigga about it. He decides to play a twisted game by fashioning an arrow from the mistletoe and having a blind god throw it towards Balder. Balder is struck by the arrow on the chest and dies instantly.
Frigga, on learning of the demise of her son, fell into despair. When she finally recovered from the shock, she decided to bring her son back from the underworld. Hel, the queen of the underworld, agreed to bring Balder back, but only if he would be wept for by every living and dead creature.
Frigga marshalled every living thing to weep for Balder. It was not hard to do it since they all liked him. All but the giant called Thokk who said “Living or dead, I loved not the churl’s son. Let Hel hold to that she hath!” wept for him and prevented Hel from releasing the beloved son.
Frigga and Odin once got into an argument over two Germanic tribes called the Winnilers and the Vandals. Frigga favoured the Winnilers while Odin favoured the Vandals. They would always debate over which tribe was better than the other.
Like always, Odin was strong-willed and could not easily change his mind. However, since he was debating with his wife, he decided that he would grant victory to the first tribe he would see in the morning.
This, he did with the knowledge that the Vandals would be the first tribe he would see when he looked out of the window on his side of the bed. Frigga knew this so she waited for Odin to sleep before she told the Winnilers’ women to position their hair so that they would look like long beards.
She then turned the bed so that Odin’s side would face the opposite direction. When Odin woke up, he looked outside his window and saw the long beards. He had been outsmarted and agreed to grant Winnilers victory.
Frigga as a Mother and Queen
Frigga is seen as a symbol of motherhood by all her followers. It is no doubt that she loved to take care of her family. She was willing to travel to all of the nine worlds to find something that would protect her beloved son.
One great example of this belief is the Mother night, the longest night of the year which was believed to have been the night when Frigga was in labour with her son Baldur/Balder. She is also considered to have the gift of prophecy and that is how she was able to see her son’s death.
As a queen, Frigga was a great role model for every woman who followed her on her realm. She was, after all, the most important goddess. As a goddess of art, her devotees would rely on her help in the domestic arts and cottage industries such as the spinning of wool. Norse beliefs link her to this activity and talk about her using the wool of the cloud sheep to tailor Aesir garments.
Friday being attached to Frigga and her marriage
Frigga is related to Friday because, in Germanic languages, Friday is associated with Frija. While Frija and Frigg appear to be different in most tales, there are similarities that lead most historians to believe that they are one and the same goddess.
For example, Frija/Freya was married to Óðr while Frigga was married to Óðinn. Óðinn is the Old Norse equivalent for Odin. Óðr means ecstasy, inspiration and furore while Óðinn is Óðr with a masculine definite article (inn).
It is believed that both Frija and Frigg had affairs. Given that Odin as a wanderer who travelled the nine worlds and had at some time been exiled from Asgard, his wife did have an affair with a slave. It is also believed that she had an affair with Odin’s brothers Vili and Ve who were in command at the time during Odin’s exile. Not much about what happened next is known.